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How to Maintain a Septic Tank

If your home has a septic tank it is your responsibility as a homeowner to maintain it. You may not like the sound but you need to keep your septic tank well-maintained. This article explains the process of how you maintain your septic tank system.

If your home uses a septic tank to dispose of waste water, it’s important to know how to keep it in proper working order. Here are the basics you need to know to maintain the septic tank system for your home.
How a Septic Tank Works
A septic tank consists of a large, underground tank with an inlet for the drain pipe coming from your house, and an outlet going to the field lines buried in the yard. The tank allows solid waste to settle out and begins the decomposition process using the natural action of anaerobic bacteria.

Baffles in the tank retain the solid material while allowing liquid to flow into perforated field lines buried in the yard. As it soaks into the soil, the action of aerobic bacteria complete the process of breaking down any remaining waste material.

How to Find the Location of Your Septic Tank
The first step is to determine the location of the septic tank in your yard so it can be inspected and serviced. Septic tanks are usually located at least five feet away from the house with the top buried up to several feet below ground.

  • Here are some tips on how to locate your septic tank:
    A plat of your land (available from your county environmental office) should show the location of the septic tank in your yard.
  • Often the general location of the tank and field lines will be evident by greener grass or lush vegetation in the yard.
    If you’re still not sure of the location of the septic tank in your yard, a video camera can be inserted in a drain to track the distance to the tank.
  • Once you know the general location of your septic tank, a probing device—such as a thin metal rod—is used to find the top of the buried tank. Take care when probing to keep from damaging drain pipes, field lines, sprinkler systems, or buried utility lines.

Read more: https://www.todayshomeowner.com/how-to-maintain-your-septic-tank